- Millions of people visit Mecca and Medina in Saudia Arabia every year for pilgrimages. The region is central to the faith of 1.8 billion Muslims across the world.
- Saudi Arabia banned visitors amid the new coronavirus outbreak on February 27th.
- The two holiest sites in Mecca and Medina were closed for cleaning on March 5th, but reopened the next day, according to Reuters.
- Another holy site that’s been impacted is the Hazrat Masumeh Shrine in Qom, Iran, which is central to the outbreak in the country. Millions of Shiite Muslim pilgrims visit the shrine and city every year.
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Last week, Saudi Arabia temporarily suspend pilgrimage visits in order to stop the spread of the novel coronavirus. On March 5, they also closed the sites for deep cleaning, but reopened them the next day, according to US News.
Al-Haram Mosque in Mecca and Al-Masjid al Nabawy in Medina, the two holiest sites in Islam, and central locations to the pilgrimage were closed as a precautionary measure to stop the spread of the new coronavirus.
Saudi Arabia also suspended Umrah travel, but not the mandatory Hajj which would take place in late July of this year.
While Hajj is mandatory and more expensive, Umrah is a voluntary pilgrimage that millions of Muslims elect to do at any time during the year.
According to the Middle East Eye, the voluntary pilgrimage is like a “spiritual quick fix” for those who want to “refresh their faith, seek forgiveness and pray for their needs.”
The country banned visitors on February 27. Photos from that week show how quickly the attraction went from being bustling with people, to entirely empty in a matter of a few days.
Another holy site impacted by the coronavirus outbreak is in Iran, which has been badly hit by the spread of the virus.
While the Hazrat Masumeh Shrine in Qom, has not officially been shut down and some still visit, according to the BBC, satellite images show a stark difference in how many people are visiting.
Iran has had almost 5,000 COVID-19 cases and a little more than 120 deaths, including some top officials. In fact roughly 8% of the country’s parliamentis infected.
Other prominent religious sites in the region have also closed including the Nativity Church in Bethlehem, the Associated Press reported.
Mecca, one of the holiest Islamic sites, is usually bustling with people making their way around the Kaaba as part of their pilgrimage.
That Kaaba, the cube at the center of the Great Mosque in Mecca is central to the Hajj but also considered when of the most sacred spots in Islam. Muslims everywhere pray in its direction and locals and foreigners alike visit the site all year around.
Source: Business Insider
The site is significant for the 1.8 billion Muslims around the globe, and millions visit every year.
Source: Pew Research Center
While travel to the shrine, and city of Qom has not been banned, new precautions were put in place. Visitors can not go in before they’ve been given hand sanitizer, masks, and health information.